Study Tour in Moldova

Study Tour in Moldova 01On 13-15 of March 2017 MOLI in Kakheti project conducted an experience exchange visit with participation of Elene Tkhlashidze, business enabling environment coordinator at MOLI in Kakheti project, representatives of VET colleges of Kakheti, MoES and Roki Ltd to Moldova. The purpose of the visit was to understand how short term courses for adults are identified and offered to farmers. What are the methodologies and what is the balance between practice and theory. 

For that purpose, set of meetings was organized in advance. During the visit MOLI team could meet with the HEKS Moldova, ProCoRe (local NGO), Agrarian University, Bratushan College, Nisporeni Professional School, livestock farm and could meet representatives from MoED of Moldova. 

Moldovan educational system uses Bologna model, as we were told. But unlike in Georgia, youngsters have to graduate from the colleges, including professional, lyceum, craftsmanship, etc. After that they are allowed to continue studying at the university. 

During the study tour, we have visited Agrarian university, with the support of which ProCoRe team has facilitated the elaboration of the short-term refresher course for the veterinarian professional school. Must be mentioned that there is only one professional school teaching veterinary professional in Moldova, unlike Georgia, where veterinary professional course is embedded almost in all professional colleges. 

The interest of Agrarian university is the development of the sector and attraction of students to university after colleges/schools as well. As they say, the graduates of professional schools are their future students. 

Bratushan is the only veterinary college in Moldova. It offers full professional course of veterinary to students. The course lasts for three years. They have veterinary clinic, dormitory, livestock farms (cattle, pig, sheep, duck, chicken and etc). This is the course after which students can continue at the university to master higher education at vet department of agrarian university.  

ANSA (similar to Georgian NFA) is employing veterinarians with high education to inspector position and this is where the majority of veterinarians are employed in country. Therefore, farms are left without appropriate care and there is a scarcity of vets in countryside (similarly to Georgia). It must be mentioned as well that in Moldovan market system the pharmacies and service provider vets are divided. To get the necessary manipulation for the animal, farmer has to call an individual vet to provide the service. The pharmacies are only drug retailers.  

To tackle the problem of general health care on farms short term courses were elaborated, to give insights into livestock care for interested farmers.

The participants of the course are farmers with own livestock, when asked why have they joined, the reasons varied form looking after their own animals better, to improving farm management practices and expanding business as well. 

The second professional school the group visited was in the south of Moldova and it is a vocational school Nisporeni, compared to the previous one, this is not a college.  The school has an agricultural profile, and there are a lot of professions taught related to agriculture. The school has upto 100 ha of land (71ha arable, 21 forest, 2 ha vineyards, 450 m2 greenhouse) and beehives. They teach winemaking, mechanization, beekeeping and etc. The products college produces can be sold on the market. College wine is placed in supermarkets and well known by people. The incomes generated must be reinvested into college development within one year. 

The short-term courses are also developed at this school. In this case it is a wine growing short term course, which brings vineyard owners, people with business expansion idea to school to get a refresher course and go back to businesses with some theoretical knowledge obtained.  

The study tour gave a real example of the short-term refresher course integrated into professional education institution, which is not being implemented in Georgia. It gave some ideas about the need of such a course. As it was discovered by college representatives there is no need of authorization for short term courses to be offered, the only thing lacking is probably, motivation, selection of the right course targeted at the demand in the market and good communication to attracted interested stakeholders. 


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